UTI Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is defined as an infection that affects any part of the urinary system which is consisted of urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys. Millions of people across the globe have UTI, and although symptoms can be frustrating, it’s entirely possible to manage it successfully. Read on to learn more about UTIs, symptoms, causes, and more.
CAUSES OF UTIS
These infections usually begin when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and start multiplying in the bladder. We can divide UTIs to the following categories:
- Cystitis or infection of the bladder – usually caused by E. coli, but other bacteria may also be involved. While sexual intercourse can lead to cystitis, a person doesn’t necessarily have to be sexually active to develop this infection
- Urethritis or infection of the urethra – occurs when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra
- Pyelonephritis or infection of the kidneys – usually caused by E.coli
WHO IS AT RISK OF UTIS?
Everyone can develop UTIs, but some people are at a higher risk than others. Common risk factors include:
- Being a female due to the shorter urethra
- Sexual activity
- Using diaphragm for birth control
- Suppressed immune system
- Recent urinary procedure
- Catheter use
- Blockages in the urinary tract
- Urinary tract abnormalities
In other words Urinary tract infection is more common in women than in men, because the urethra is shorter and closer to the anus than it is in men. Bacteria have a shorter distance to travel and can reach the bladder more easily in women. The most UTIs are caused due to bacteria sticking to the wall of the bladder where they can cause infection. So, flushing out the bacteria is very important in preventing urinary tract infection.
Urinary tract infections are indicated by the following symptoms:
- Pain or burning sensation when urinating
- Pain in back or side below the ribs
- Fever and fatigue
- Urgent need to urinate
- Pressure in the lower abdomen
- Urine has a foul smell and looks cloudy
Some people may experience nausea and vomiting as well as muscle aches. It’s strongly advised to see the doctor when you notice the above-mentioned symptoms, especially when pain is severe.
Due to the fact they’re caused by bacteria, the primary line of treatment of UTIs is the use of antibiotics. The type of antibiotics and the duration of the treatment depend on the severity of the infection. Patients are advised to stick to the recommended treatment and drink plenty of fluids to manage their problem effectively.
HOW TO PREVENT UTIS?
In order to reduce the risk of UTIs make sure you drink plenty of fluid, avoid alcohol and limit caffeine intake, urinate shortly after sex, employ good personal hygiene practices, instead of tampons try using sanitary pads or menstrual cups. Avoid using perfumed products on the genital area.
HOW MANY PEOPLE IN THE US HAVE UTI?
On average about 8.1 million Americans see a doctor about UTI each year.
IS CRANBERRY JUICE GOOD FOR PREVENTION/TREATMENT OF UTIS?
Yes, cranberry juice contains active compounds which block bacteria from adhering to the wall of the bladder. But, if you already have UTI, it doesn’t mean you should stop taking antibiotics.
HOW LONG IT TAKES FOR UTI TO GO AWAY?
Uncomplicated UTI which occurs in healthy people takes 2 to 3 days to away after starting treatment while complicated infections take 7 to 14 days.
We know your health is important to you, at West Dearborn Urgent Care, we have highly qualified professionals ready and willing to take care of all your health care needs. Contact Us now!
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